The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of Solitary Confinement, por Jesse Walker:
Jean Casella and James Ridgeway have published an interesting history of solitary confinement at Longreads (*). Established in late-18th-century America by jailers who saw it as "a kinder and more effective alternative to more viscerally cruel punishments," solitary grew increasingly popular in the antebellum reform era of the mid 19th century. But the practice attracted harsh criticism as its psychological effects became clear, and by the 20th century it was far less common. Its comeback began with the U.S. Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois, which opened in 1963, developed a "Long-Term Control Unit" where prisoners were held in isolation, and in 1983 became the country's first "supermax" prison, where solitary confinement is the norm.Uma coisa que me ocorre é se a "solitária" será um castigo tão duro assim - pelo menos se as prisões forem como aparece nos filmes, eu desconfio que iria querer estar sempre na "solitária".