Tuesday, September 22, 2009


O Público (Luís Miguel Queirós na Ipsilon) fala-nos de "Tolkien treinou para ser espião mas recusou a mítica equipa de Bletchley Park":

"Tolkien participou, tendo sobrevivido à sangrenta batalha de Somme, que fez meio milhão de mortos" (...) Os oficiais responsáveis pela escolha dos candidatos mais dotados elogiaram-lhe o talento, mas quando propuseram a Tolkien um lugar como espião, recebendo 500 libras por ano - um ordenado considerável para a época -, o escritor recusou. Ninguém sabe porquê, ainda que a explicação mais lógica pareça ser a de que preferiu prosseguir a carreira literária que já iniciara com a publicação de O Hobbit, em 1937 (...)"

Temos algus indícios:

Em 1943, J. R. R. Tolkien escrevia ao seu filho Christopher:

“…My political opinions lean more and more to anarchy (philosophically understood to mean abolition of control – not whiskered men with bombs) – or to ‘unconstitutional’ monarchy.”

Num artigo de Alberto Mingardi and Carlo Stagnaro:

"Literary critic Tom Shippey quite appropriately defines him as a "post-war writer." He also notes that Tolkien learnt at his own expense the lesson of the twentieth century, that is "that ‘violence breeds violence’, that (the British) victory in World War I bred only the desire for vengeance which erupted in World War II. The whole British experience of World War I moreover tended to show that there was no clear indication of right and wrong as between the two sides, no matter what official propaganda might say (...) "

E ainda o diálogo quando Frodo oferece o anel a Gandalf:

"No! With that power I should have power too great and terrible. And over me the Ring would gain a power still greater and more deadly! Do not tempt me! For I do not wish to become like the Dark Lord himself. Yet the way of the Ring to my heart is by pity, pity for weakness and the desire of strength to do good. Do not tempt me! I dare not take it, not even to keep it safe, unused" (The Lord of the Rings, p. 60.)

Ou ainda citações de Tolkien:

"You can make the Ring into an allegory of our own time, if you like: and allegory of the inevitable fate that waits for all attempts to defeat evil power by power" (The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, p. 121).

"Power is an ominous and sinister word in all these tales" (Ibid., p. 152).

"The story is cast in terms of a good side, and a bad side, beauty against ruthless ugliness, tyranny against kingship, moderated freedom with consent against compulsion that has long lost any object save mere power, and so on" (Ibid., pp. 178–179).

"In my story Sauron represents as near an approach to the wholly evil will as is possible. He had gone the way of all tyrants: beginning well, at least on the level that while desiring to order all things according to his own wisdom he still at first considered the (economic) well-being of other inhabitants of Earth. But he went further than human tyrants in pride and the lust for domination, being in origin an immortal (angelic) spirit" (Ibid., p. 243).

"Of course my story is not an allegory of Atomic power, but of Power (exerted for domination)" (Ibid., p. 246).

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