Monday, January 11, 2016

Suiça - os resultados da democracia direta

Switzerland, por Scott Sumner:

Over at TheMoneyIllusion I recently did a post discussing the public policy issues that I thought were most important. These were the top 4:
Most important issues (no particular order):
1. US Military intervention (I'm mostly against it)
2. Immigration (more, more, more)
3. War on Drugs (end it, let out 400,000 prisoners)
4. Right to Die (I'm for it, read Scott Alexander if you don't think it's important.)

Because I'm a big fan of Swiss-style direct democracy, I thought I'd check out how my favorite political system did in terms of this list:
On immigration (from Wikipedia):
Switzerland and Australia, with about a quarter of their population born outside the country, are the two countries with the highest proportion of immigrants in the western world.
On drug legalization:
The world's most comprehensive legalized heroin program became permanent Sunday with overwhelming approval from Swiss voters who simultaneously rejected the decriminalization of marijuana.
On right to die:
It's a tourism boom, but not one to crow about: The number of people traveling to Switzerland to end their lives is growing. And it seems that more and more people with a nonfatal disease are making the trip.
On military intervention:
Switzerland is the oldest neutral country in the world; it has not fought a foreign war since its neutrality was established by the Treaty of Paris in 1815.

Por acaso, os 4 assuntos principais para o "libertarian" Sumner são assuntos em que eu defendo mais ou menos a mesma coisa (nos "few other issues" que ele refere concordo com o aborto e prostituição mas não com a saúde); mas sobretudo no caso da imigração, será que essa boa política é graças ou apesar da democracia direta (veja o sucesso na Suiça de proposta referendárias explicita ou implicitamente anti-imigração).

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