Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Bakunin, 1870 (ou o anarquista versus o comunista)

"The State has always been the patrimony of some privileged class or other; a priestly class, an aristocratic class, a bourgeois class, and finally a bureaucratic class... . But in the People's State of Marx, there will be, we are told, no privileged class at all ... but there will be a government, which will not content itself with governing and administering the masses politically, as all governments do today, but which will also administer them economically, concentrating in its own hands the production and the just division of wealth, the cultivation of land, the establishment and development of factories, the organization and direction of commerce, finally the application of capital to production by the only banker, the State. All that will demand an immense knowledge and many "heads overflowing with brains" in this government. It will be the reign of scientific intelligence, the most aristocratic, despotic, arrogant, and contemptuous of all regimes. There will be a new class, a new hierarchy of real and pretended scientists and scholars"

Uns anos depois, dizia Trotsky:

"Was it so true," Trotsky asked, "that compulsory labor was always unproductive?" He denounced this view as "wretched and miserable liberal prejudice," learnedly pointing out that "chattel slavery, too, was productive" and that compulsory serf labor was in its times "a progressive phenomenon." He told the unions [at the Third Congress of Trade Unions] that "coercion, regimentation, and militarization of labor were no mere emergency measures and that the workers' Statenormally had the right to coerce any citizen to perform any work at any place of its choosing.""

"Communist life will not be formed blindly, like coral islands, but will be built up consciously, will be erected and corrected... . Even purely physiologic life will become subject to collective experiments. The human species, the coagulated Homo sapiens, will once more enter into a state of radical transformation, and, in his own hands, will become an object of the most complicated methods of artificial selection and psycho-physical training... (...) Man will make it his purpose ... to create a higher social biological type, or, if you please, a superman."

Retirado do artigo Trotsky: The Ignorance and the Evil, Ralph Raico

PS: Eu sempre tive a ideia que o estágio final do comunismo pode ser encontrado numa colmeia ou num formigueiro.


Wyrm said...

We are the Borg.
You will be assimilated.

CN said...

Resistance is futile

Miguel Madeira said...

A respeito do texto do Raico, diga-se que podemos distinguir 3 Trotskys:

- Até se juntar aos bolcheviques em Abril de 1917, é quase uma espécie de Pannekoek ou de Rosa Luxemburgo, tendo feito duas brilhantes criticas ao leninismo, o "Relatório da Delegação Siberiana" e "As Nossas Tarefas Politicas" .

De 1917 a 1921 (enquanto esteve no poder), foi uma espécie de versão mais radical de Estaline.

De 1922 para a frente, foi defendendo posições progressivamente mais democráticas.

Um cinico diria que Trotsky foi um oportunista que quando estava na oposição fazia um discurso democrata e por vezes até "libertário" para fazer exactamento o oposto quando tinha oportunidade.

Mas outra forma de ver a coisa é concluir que nunca se deve por ninguêm no poder, independetemente do que esse alguêm defenda quando não está no poder.