Sunday, April 09, 2006

Será que o mutualismo funcionaria? (II)

Ainda o respeito da viabilidade do "mutualismo" como instrumento para eliminar o capitalismo, o próprio Tucker viria a chegar à conclusão que já não era suficiente. Nomeadamente, em 1926, escreveu:

"Forty years ago, when the foregoing essay was written, the denial of competition had not yet effected the enormous concentration of wealth that now so gravely threatens social order. It was not yet too late to stem the current of accumulation by a reversal of the policy of monopoly. The Anarchistic remedy was still applicable."

"Today the way is not so clear. The four monopolies, unhindered, have made possible the modern development of the trust, and the trust is now a monster which I fear, even the freest banking, could it be instituted, would be unable to destroy. As long as the Standard Oil group controlled only fifty millions of dollars, the institution of free competition would have crippled it hopelessly; it needed the money monopoly for its sustenance and its growth. Now that it controls, directly and indirectly, perhaps ten thousand millions, it sees in the money monopoly a convenience, to be sure, but no longer a necessity. It can do without it. Were all restrictions upon banking to be removed, concentrated capital could meet successfully the new situation by setting aside annually for sacrifice a sum that would remove every competitor from the field."

"If this be true, then monopoly, which can be controlled permanently only for economic forces, has passed for the moment beyond their reach, and must be grappled with for a time solely by forces political or revolutionary. Until measures of forcible confiscation, through the State or in defiance of it, shall have abolished the concentrations that monopoly has created, the economic solution proposed by Anarchism and outlined in the forgoing pages - and there is no other solution - will remain a thing to be taught to the rising generation, that conditions may be favorable to its application after the great leveling".

Ou seja, a concentração da riqueza já teria assumido um tal nível que poderia sobreviver por si própria, mesmo que desaparecessem todas as formas de intervenção estatal que - segundo Tucker - lhe teriam dado origem. Assim, a concentração da riqueza já só poderia ser abolida pela "confiscação forçada, através do Estado ou contra ele".

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

como forma de acabar com o sistema, é obvio que não.

alias essa questão é que leva à abordagem mais "radical", de abolição. e que eu defendo.
começando com a abolição do estado e de determinadas leis protegidas por este.